Things to know about the Bay of Bengal

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The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world and is located northeast of the Indian Ocean.

The bay is shaped like a triangle. To the west by the east coast of India; Coastal areas of Sri Lanka; To the north, the coastal region of Bangladesh; It is bordered by the Rakhine Coast to the east.

The southeastern islands of Andaman and Nicobar separate the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea (Andaman Sea).

The widest part of the bay is about 1,300 miles, with an average width of about 1,000 miles and an area of ​​839,000 square miles. The average water depth is about 8,500 feet and the deepest point is up to 15,400 feet.

Ganges River The Padma River (a tributary of the Ganges); The Magna River and the Jamuna River (tributaries of the Brahmaputra River); Ayeyarwady River Godavari River; The Mahanadi River; Christian river Many rivers and tributaries, such as the Kabari, flow into the Bay of Bengal. Along with the inflow of the river, about 1,000 tons of sediment flows into the Bay of Bengal daily.

In this area, strong winds during the early and late monsoon are called cyclones. Port of Chennai (Madras), India Chittagong Port from Bangladesh Port of Colombo from Sri Lanka; Port of Port Blair Sittwe, Myanmar Kyaukphyu Port is the main seaport in the area and there are many other ports.

The Bay of Bengal is named after the historical region of Bengal, where Bangladesh and West Bengal are located. Bengal is descended from Vanga Vanga, an ancient kingdom that once existed in the region. The Bay of Bengal was formerly known as the Kalinga Sea.

There are more than 500 islands in the Bay of Bengal, and only 6.5% of the total population is inhabited. Manhed Island, also known as Cheduba Island, is located northeast of the Bay of Bengal and has vibrant mud volcanoes.

There are many beaches, including Cox’s Bazar; Marina Puri Digha Thoothukudi; Ngapali Sittwe Ngwe Saung and Chaung Thar beaches are prominent.

The Bay of Bengal is home to a variety of marine life. It is one of the 64 largest marine ecosystems in the world.

Kerilia jerdonii is a sea urchin that is around 3 feet long and is abundant in the Bay of Bengal. Olive ridley tortoises are also endangered. There are also bottle-shaped nose dolphins and other species. The Nicobar Islands are home to giant sea turtles and saltwater crocodiles.

Bhola was the worst cyclone to hit the Bay of Bengal in the 1970s. The typhoon hit at speeds of up to 150 miles per hour, killing between 300,000 and 500,000 people.

About 7% of all fish caught in the world come from the Bay of Bengal. About 6 million tonnes of fish are caught each year, gradually destroying the Gulf ecosystem.

The British cargo ship Mornington; American Eagle The Pakistani submarine PNS Ghazi and several other ships sank in the Gulf. Judson, a prominent figure in Burma, sailed from Mawlamyine and died on the way home, drowning in the Gulf.

Andaman Sea or Kapili Sea
It is a contiguous sea in the Indian Ocean and covers an area of ​​over 218,000 square miles. The Burmese call it the Andaman Sea. The Irrawaddy River, which flows through Myanmar; The Sittaung and Salween rivers flow into the sea.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the west of the sea; To the north and east by Myanmar; Thailand Malaysia To the south is the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The Strait of Malacca to the south connects the Andaman Sea to the South China Sea.

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